With more than 7,000 chateaux, France’s Bordeaux region is the most important wine producing region in the world. As well as being the basis for Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot-based wines everywhere, Bordeaux wines are acknowledged to be among the world’s best reds—according to experts and amateurs alike.
The wine region of Bordeaux is comprised of many smaller areas and encompasses both banks of the Gironde estuary in southwest France, as well as the land bordering the Garonne and Dordogne Rivers, which split off from the Gironde in the southern Medoc area. Generally, Bordeaux's best red wines are from seven major (and well-known) appellations: Pauillac, Saint-Estephe, Saint-Julien, and Margaux in the greater Medoc region, Graves to the south of the city of Bordeaux—in the region’s center, and Saint-Emilion and Pomerol toward the east. The large Graves region, as well as being the birthplace of claret, is home to many of the best dry whites. Premium sweet wines are made in Sauternes and Barsac, which are also within the Graves appellation but toward the south.
In understanding the multitude of Bordeaux wines, experts tend to talk about the right and left banks of the Gironde River. Generally, red wines from the river’s left bank, especially from Bordeaux’s Medoc region, are based on Cabernet Sauvignon, mixed with varying amounts of Merlot and Cabernet Franc and, occasionally, a spot of Petit Verdot and Malbec. These reds are known to be firm and dry, with a substantial tannic spine, and are frequently austere in their youth. They are also among the world’s longest-lived. The Graves’ gravel and sand soil content contribute to more texture early and roasted accents of hot stones, smoke and tobacco.
The softer Merlot grape is the foundation for right bank wines, mostly to the town of Libourne’s eastern side. These wines are fleshier in general than wines from the left bank and are more pliant. They are also accessible at an earlier age—though the best of them can improve in bottle for decades.
Wine Spectator, 94 points: Extremely pretty, with flowers, berries, chocolate and spices. Full-bodied, with a solid core of fruit and ripe, silky tannins; long and caressing. Beautiful. Palmer shows wonderful refinement. Best after 2009. –JS
Wine Spectator, 90 points: Elegant and spicy with blackberry and earth character. Medium- to full-bodied with silky tannins and a medium to long finish...
Wine Spectator, 91 points: Black cherries with fresh basil on the nose open to a full-bodied palate with velvety tannins and a medium finish. A solid wine with a good core of fruit and tannins. Best after 2008. 10000 cases made. –JS
Wine Spectator, 93 points: Smells like a gorgeous lemon tart with hints of honey. Full-bodied, very sweet and concentrated with loads of fruit. Vanilla, spice and lemons on the aftertaste. Lovely stuff here. Better than from barrel. Best after...
Wine Spectator, 100 points: (WS 95-100 points) First year and a hell of wine. Like Vintage Port. Perhaps slightly overdone, but impressive. Full-bodied, with loads of fruit and tannins. Mouthpuckering but outstanding. A modern interpretation of an...
Jancis Robinson's Purple Pages, 96 points: From magnum. Very concentrated. Very convincing. Solid lead-pencil character yet refined too. Long-term stuff with a notably dry finish. Mineral, dense and layered. Fabulously nuanced and persistent. 19/20
Vinous, 97 points: The 2001 Lafite-Rothschild is a damn impressive follow-up to the 2000. It has a healthy garnet core, showing little sign of maturity. The bouquet offers blackberry, melted tar, cedar and a pinch of dried herbs that might...
Neal Martin's Wine Journal, 90 points: Tasted blind at Bordeaux Index’s 10-Year On horizontal. This has a light nose of red-berried fruit, sandalwood and undergrowth. It might benefit from a little more delineation and vigour, developing aromas of cooked...
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